APRC17 African Swine Fever Info Letter

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (hereinafter known as SAK) is highly
contagious and an acutely progressive swine virus. Symptoms are
high temperature, bleeding, inflammatory changes in the internal
organs and death (up to 100%). Both domestic and wild swine are
susceptible. As of the fall of 2014 SAK has appeared in Estonian wild
boars. Currently Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and
Byelorussia are experiencing a hyper acute strain that is causing
sudden death without any other of the above mentioned symptoms.

SAK is a singularily swine disease and it is not a threat to other
animals or humans, but they can be carriers of the disease.

Disease is passed by:
The disease is passed by direct contact with an infected animal or his
secretions, it can also be passed by contact with an infected animal’s
carcass or body parts. The virus is a strong strain and can withstand
outside elements, for example the virus has remained in frozen pork
for several years, buried in the wild for 6 months and carcasses up to
2 months. Consequently swine can be infected from an infected
animals contagious items.

What should you do if you find a boars carcass?

If you find a dead boar in the woods, then fixate the location
and pass on the information to the next control point referee or
inform the exercise staff HQ

The Competition staff HQ will inform the Pärnumaa county
Veterinary Centre (mobile number: 526 9825, e-mail
hans.sibrits@vet.agri.ee).
 

The main safety measure to prevent the spread of disease:

  • Avoid direct contact with the boar carcass.
  • If contact with the boar carcass is unavoidable, then use
    disposable protective gloves as well as wash your hands after
    with soap. Also clean and wash footwear, clothes and other
    items that have been in contact with the carcass or its
    secretions.
  • After contact with an infected carcass or its secretions avoid
    contact with any animal farms! If contact with a animal farm is
    unavoidable then use stringent biological security methods
    (wash thoroughly, use a sauna, change all clothes and
    footwear).