AFRICAN SWINE FEVER (hereinafter known as SAK) is highly contagious and an acutely progressive swine virus. Symptoms are high temperature, bleeding, inflammatory changes in the internal organs and death (up to 100%). Both domestic and wild swine are susceptible. As of the fall of 2014 SAK has appeared in Estonian wild boars. Currently Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Byelorussia are experiencing a hyper acute strain that is causing sudden death without any other of the above mentioned symptoms.
SAK is a singularily swine disease and it is not a threat to other animals or humans, but they can be carriers of the disease.
Disease is passed by:
The disease is passed by direct contact with an infected animal or his secretions, it can also be passed by contact with an infected animal’s carcass or body parts. The virus is a strong strain and can withstand outside elements, for example the virus has remained in frozen pork for several years, buried in the wild for 6 months and carcasses up to 2 months. Consequently swine can be infected from an infected animals contagious items.
What should you do if you find a boars carcas?
– If you find a dead boar in the woods, then fixate the location and pass on the information to the next control point referee or inform the exercise staff HQ
– The Competition staff HQ will inform the Raplamaa county Veterinarian Centre whose mobile number is: 59192553, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
The main safety measure to prevent the spread of disease:
– Avoid direct contact with the boar carcass.
– If contact with the boar carcass is unavoidable, then use disposable protective gloves as well as wash your hands after with soap. Also clen and wash footwear, clothes and other items that have been in contact with the carcass or its secretions.
– After contact with an infected carcass or its secretions avoid contact with any animal farms! If contact with a animal farm is unavoidable then use stringent biological security methods (wash throughly, use a sauna, change all clothes and footwear).
Further info on SAK is available online: www.seakatk.ee
Disinfecting Directions for African Swine Fever
- Weapons- clean with 70% alcohol (70% percent of alcohol is ideal to a stronger solution. Pure alcohol coagulates protein in contact. Suppose the pure alcohol is poured over a single celled organism. The alcohol will go through the cell wall of the organism in all direction, coagulating the protein just inside the cell wall. The ring of the coagulated protein would then stop the alcohol from penetrating farther from the cell, and no more coagulation would take place. At this time the cell would become inactive but not dead. Under the favorable conditions the cell would then begin to function. If 70 percent of alcohol is poured to a single celled organism, the diluted alcohol also coagulates the protein, but at a slower rate, so that it penetrates all the way through the cell before coagulation can block it. Then the entire cell is coagulated and the organism dies.)
- Rubber boots – Pour 2.5% solution bleach with chlorine on the boots, clean, allow to absorb for 1 hour, then rinse off the boots with water.
- Textiles – clean with washing detergent or wash and heat (in a sauna for example) at 100 degrees Celsius for 1 hour.
- Leather footwear and leather clothing/accessories – wash, clean, work with a leather maintenance product. Do not use said footwear or leather clothes/accessories for 30 days prior to being in contact with swine.
- Wood – Varnished, painted wood – wash with chlorinated bleach; Porous or untreated wood – burn.